The former cultural center of the entire region is now one of the poorest countries in the world. It is dependent on international aid. The state budget is funded to about 50 per cent from abroad. As the country is agrarian, and about 70 percent of the population works in agriculture. The rice plays a very important role, it is the main food source. One in three lives in poverty, 45 percent of children are chronically malnourished. Cambodia is about half the size of Germany with just 14.5 million inhabitants. The Khmer people represents the largest part of the population. Next to them are still alive Chinese, Vietnamese and other ethnic minorities. The Cambodians are 95% Buddhists. Religion plays a visible role in everyday life.
Cambodia still bears the heavy legacy of its recent past. For four years, led the Khmer Rouge with their leader Pol Pot a full-scale war against its own people, in which an estimated 1.7 million people lost their lives. The Company structures, as well as valuable knowledge from the centuries-old culture, were lost. The educated part of the population was persecuted and wiped out downright. Even after this difficult time prevailed civil war which resulted in the further destruction of large parts of the country. The reconstruction of the state, together with justice and the economy is today progressing slowly. Since 1998, Cambodia is relatively peaceful, what war at all poverty, lawlessness and corruption is a major achievement for 30 years.
Besides tourism and the textile industry, the country has hardly competitive industries. The risks for the development, among other extreme weather, floods, corruption, infrastructure deficiencies and high energy costs. The average weekly working time is 50 hours, the monthly wage is between $ 60 and 80 dollars, which is not enough to live normally.